As we continue to explore the very many therapeutic benefits of cannabis, we learn more about the different types of cannabis products that can be used to reap these benefits. With this increased understanding, the CBD:THC ratios are becoming an important product metric.
From the theory of the Entourage Effect, we know that cannabinoids working together can provide a better, more holistic experience. However, it is important to note that different concentrations and ratios of these cannabinoids have the potential to provide targeted relief.
In this article, we understand the common cannabis ratios in India.
Understanding Cannabis Ratios
THC and CBD—Two Primary Cannabinoids
THC and CBD are the two most popular and well-researched cannabinoids in the cannabis plant. Even though both of them are cannabinoids, THC and CBD have different properties and interact with the body accordingly.
THC, short for tetrahydrocannabinol, is an intoxicating cannabinoid responsible for the much famous high associated with cannabis. However, when we look beyond its capacity to intoxicate the body, we discover various medicinal or therapeutic benefits of THC.
As a medicinal supplement, the cannabinoid THC has pain-relieving and muscle relaxing properties. THC reduces pain in the body, stimulates appetite, reduces nausea and vomiting, and also releases dopamine.
However, at the same time, THC also alters our judgement, affects the way memory works, sedates the body, and slows down the reaction time.
CBD is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid i.e. it does not cause the high. CBD has anti-inflammatory, anti-anxiolytic, anti-oxidant, and anti-analgesic properties that provide numerous therapeutic benefits to the body.
Regular use of CBD as a wellness and medical supplement helps in relieving pain and inflammation, reducing oxidative stress in the body, relaxing muscles, improving quality of sleep, sharpening cognitive functioning, and rejuvenating the skin.
CBD and THC have both different and overlapping therapeutic effects. Read this quick guide to the effects of CBD and THC for more understanding.
What is a Ratio Cannabis Product?
Ratio cannabis products contain two or more cannabinoids in relative quantities to each other. Different ratios create different balances of cannabinoids that work together to achieve different results.
The use of two or more cannabinoids in combination with each other stems from the theory of the Entourage Effect. It proposes that when two or more cannabis compounds are taken together, they work in synergy to enhance each other’s therapeutic effects. Therefore, a product with multiple cannabinoids provides a more holistic experience than a product containing only one cannabinoid.
What is a CBD:THC Ratio?
CBD:THC ratio shows the amount of CBD in relation to the amount of THC in a particular cannabis product. For example, a ratio of 1:1 CBD:THC would mean that the amount of CBD and THC is same in each dosage.
Whereas, a ratio of 20:1 CBD:THC indicates that the amount of CBD in a dosage is 20 times the amount of THC.
Different ratios allow the user to experience unique effects of CBD, THC, or both.
How to read Ratios and Doses
On a label that mentions a cannabinoid ratio, the first number reflects the amount of CBD. The second number shows the amount of THC in the same product.
For example, if a product has 4:1 ratio, it means the amount of CBD is 4 times the amount of THC in that product.
Each ratio has its own range of effects and can help target different medical conditions.
Common CBD:THC Ratios
Let’s take a look at some of the most common CBD:THC ratios that you can buy in India.
This cannabis ratio contains equal amounts of CBD and THC. This ratio is considered to be most effective for managing pain. The goal of a 1:1 ratio product is to create a balance between the effects of CBD and THC. It induces a gentle buzz while allowing the body to function and focus throughout the day. The 1:1 ratio provides both mental and physical relief from pain. This ratio is likely to cause intoxication.
This cannabis ratio contains twice the amount of CBD as THC. This ratio provides increased beneficial effects of CBD but the presence of THC can cause intoxication. With higher CBD concentration, the effects of THC are mild. 2:1 ratio is suitable for those looking to combat anxiety, depression, autoimmune disorders, or general aches and pains in the body.
This cannabis ratio contains high amounts of CBD and medium amounts of THC. The 4:1 ratio is considered to be a mid-range ratio and works well for people who have some tolerance for THC.
The amount of CBD in this cannabis ratio is 10 times the amount of THC. This ratio is a high-CBD, low-THC ratio, ideal for cannabis users that don’t want to get high. The 10:1 ratio rarely causes intoxication.
The amount of THC in this ratio is 4 times the amount of CBD. This ratio will be highly intoxicating and is suitable for advanced medical conditions.
A cannabis ratio containing twice the amount of THC as CBD. This ratio will be moderately intoxicating.
How to pick the right Cannabis Ratio?
Picking the right CBD:THC ratio requires some trial and error. The concentration that will prove to be most effective would depend on the medical condition you are targeting as well as your tolerance for THC. Other factors such as metabolism, genetics, body weight, etc. also influence the workings of different cannabinoid ratios.
To choose the CBD:THC ratio that best suits your need, the safest way is to consult a professional. You can schedule an online consultation with an Ayurvedic doctor who will help you understand which ratio would work best for you.